Toshiba has unveiled its latest marvel in data storage technology – the MG10F, a formidable 22TB hard drive. This conventional magnetic recording (CMR) hard disk drive showcases Toshiba’s innovative 10-disk helium-sealed design, promising exceptional performance and reliability. The MG10F 22TB HDD is designed to cater to a broad spectrum of applications and workloads, catering to both cloud-scale and traditional data-center scenarios. With a hearty 7,200rpm performance, a robust 550TB per year workload rating, and the flexibility of SAS and SATA interfaces, the MG10F Series HDD aims to meet the ever-growing demands of its largest clientele. Sample shipments of the 22TB MG10F Series HDD, sporting SAS interfaces, are slated to kick off this month, with SATA interface versions coming in the fourth quarter of the year.
Understanding SAS and SATA Interfaces
SAS (Serial Attached SCSI) and SATA (Serial Advanced Technology Attachment) are two distinct types of interfaces responsible for facilitating data transfer between a computer’s motherboard and its storage devices. While they share the same basic function, these interfaces differ in hardware design and capabilities. SAS typically commands a higher price tag and shines in environments like servers and processing-intensive workstations. It stands out with its swifter data transfer speeds, heightened reliability, and superior error-handling capabilities. On the other hand, SATA offers a budget-friendly alternative, perfect for desktop file storage. It boasts larger storage capacities but lags behind in speed and reliability.
Why Helium-Sealed Hard Drives Are Game-Changers
Helium-sealed hard drives bring a wealth of advantages over traditional air-filled counterparts. Helium, being seven times lighter than air, results in reduced drag and turbulence as the hard disk platters spin. This translates to lower power consumption, cooler operating temperatures, and less noise. The thinner disks within helium-sealed hard drives demand less power to rotate, which leads to more disks crammed into a single HDD and, consequently, greater data storage capacity. Helium also acts as a barrier to humidity, boosting the drive’s reliability.
Performance and Reliability in the Spotlight
In terms of performance, these three drives are closely matched. They employ cutting-edge technologies, such as CMR recording and TLER, to deliver peak performance. However, the Toshiba MG10F 22TB holds a slight edge when it comes to read and write speeds.
Toshiba’s MG10F 22TB drive doesn’t offer a shingled magnetic recording (SMR) version, which typically affords approximately 15 percent extra capacity by overlapping write tracks. Western Digital’s 22TB drives, on the other hand, have 26TB SMR variants. While a roadmap from February 2022 indicated Toshiba’s intention to release a 26TB SMR product, it hasn’t yet materialized as a product.
Taking a closer look at reliability, all three drives boast a high MTBF (mean time between failures) rating of 2.5 million hours. Nevertheless, the Seagate IronWolf Pro ST22000NT001 and WD Ultrastar DC HC570 come with a more extended warranty period of 5 years, compared to the Toshiba MG10F 22TB’s 3-year warranty.
The WD Ultrastar DC HC570 also supports SMR (shingled magnetic recording) technology, potentially adding complexity to HDD data recovery. In contrast, the Seagate IronWolf Pro ST22000NT001 and Toshiba MG10F 22TB rely on conventional magnetic recording (CMR). Western Digital’s Ultrastar DC HC570 drive boasts impressive speeds of up to 291MBps, while Seagate’s 22TB IronWolf Pro delivers speeds of up to 285MBps.
All three drives offer excellent options for high-capacity storage. If top-notch performance is your priority, the Toshiba MG10F 22TB stands out. However, if you’re seeking a drive with a more extended warranty period and additional features, the Seagate IronWolf Pro ST22000NT001 or WD Ultrastar DC HC570 may be better suited for your needs. It’s important to note that the Toshiba MG10F 22TB is still relatively new, and as such, there may be limited available information regarding its reliability compared to the other two drives.